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April2013 Vol.50 Issue:        2        Table of Contents
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Emotional Intelligence in Patients with Temporal Lobe Epilepsy versus Patients with Extra Temporal Lobe Epilepsy: Clinical and Radiological Study

Hoda Abdou1, Shereen Mohamed1, Mona AF Nada2, Hanan Helmy2

1Department of Psychiatry, 2Department of Neurology

Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University; Egypt



ABSTRACT

Background: Medial temporal lobe structures especially amygdala have been hypothesized to be important in emotional intelligence. There is some evidence associating temporal lobe epilepsy with impairment in emotional intelligence. Objective: Compare emotional intelligence and other psychosocial abilities in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy and patients with extra- temporal lobe epilepsy and correlate the findings with electroencephalogram and magnetic resonance imaging in two patients groups. Methods: Forty patients with temporal lobe epilepsy, thirty patients with extra temporal lobe epilepsy and thirty healthy subjects were studied for emotional intelligence scale, general health questionnaire and social readjustment rating scale. EEG and brain MRI were done for patients groups only. Results: We could not find any significant difference between both epileptic groups regarding emotional intelligence. A highly statistically significant difference was found when comparing emotional intelligence between control subjects and temporal lobe epileptic patients (p<0.00) also between control subjects and extra-temporal lobe epileptic patients (p<0.00). There is significant negative correlation between emotional intelligence and social stressors in both epileptic groups. Conclusion: Emotional intelligence was impaired in both epileptic groups and was associated with marked stressors. This may lead us to the conclusion that the two patients groups are exposed to the same CNS dysfunction and to the same psychosocial stressors however, the paucity of mesial temporal lobe sclerosis in our patients with temporal lobe epilepsy can explain these results. [Egypt J Neurol Psychiat Neurosurg.  2013; 50(2): 121-126]

 Key Words: emotional intelligence, temporal lobe epilepsy, extra temporal lobe epilepsy.

Correspondence to Hoda Abdou, Department of Psychiatry, Cairo University, Egypt. Tel.: +201112555561    e-mail: hodaabdouhessein@gmail.com.





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