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October2011 Vol.48 Issue:        4        Table of Contents
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The Prevalence and Correlates of Common Mental Disorders in Dakahlia Governorate (Egypt)

Mahmoud A. El-Wasify1, Osama A. El-Boraie1, Mohammed H. El-Atrony1,

Abdel-Hady G. Abdel-Fatah2, Mohammad N. Sadek3, Dalal A. Amer3, Aref Khoweiled3

Departments of Psychiatry1, Public Health and Community Medicine2, Mansoura University;

Psychiatry3, Cairo University; Egypt



Background: Epidemiological studies of the prevalence of mental disorders in Egypt are rare and are needed for planning of health care delivery. Objective: to estimate the one year prevalence of common mental disorders in Dakahlia Governorate and its impact on disability and quality of life. Method: Using an Epidemiological sample frame, a random sample of 810 household adults (age 15-65 both sexes) in urban and rural areas were interviewed using the short Arabic form of the Present State Examination 10th revision (PSE-10). The level of disability and quality of life were also measured. Results: 64% of the sample were males, 63% resided in rural areas. A one year prevalence of mood (4.8%), anxiety (4.3%) somatoform and dissociative (1.4%) and psychotic (0.6%) disorders was found. A further 6.3%of the sample had subclinical symptoms. Females were more likely to have mental disorders than males (OR = 1.8). The quality of life and disability scores were significantly different in cases than in non cases (p<0.001). Conclusion: A representative randomized sample from 27sites in Dakahlia shows a prevalence of 10.6% of common mental disorders with significant disability and effect on the QOL. [Egypt J Neurol Psychiat Neurosurg.  2011; 48(4): 375-381]


Key Words: Epidemiological, one year prevalence, mental disorder, Egypt, PSE-10, disability, QOL.

Correspondence to Mahmoud El-Wasify, Department of Psychiatry, Mansoura University, Egypt. Tel: + 20105206692. Email:

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