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October2011 Vol.48 Issue:        4        Table of Contents
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Behavioral Problems among Egyptian Children with Enuresis

Omnia R. Amin1, Maha K. Abou-Khadra2, Dalia Ahmed3

Departments of Psychiatry1, Pediatrics2, Public Health3, Cairo University; Egypt



Background: Enuresis is a common disorder that was reported to be associated with behavioral problems. Objective: We conducted the present study to describe behavioral problems among Egyptian children with enuresis and to examine the effect of parental level of education, age and gender on the prevalence of behavioral problems. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, one hundred children with enuresis were recruited from pediatric enuresis clinic. The children's problem behaviors were assessed by the Arabic version of the Child Behavior Checklist. Results: The mean age of children was 8.99 years (SD=1.75), 46 (46%) of them were boys. The results showed that 53%, 59%, and 53% of children were above the normal range of externalizing, internalizing and total T-scores, respectively. Anxious/depressed was significantly higher in children above 10 years. Rule-breaking and aggressive behaviors were significantly higher in boys. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that mothers' level of education was significantly related to externalizing problem behaviors. Conclusions: Behavioral problems are common among this sample of Egyptian children with enuresis. Behavioral problems were significantly higher in boys and older age. Maternal level of education was associated with externalizing behavioral problems. This study highlights the importance of screening for behavioral disturbances in children with enuresis. [Egypt J Neurol Psychiat Neurosurg.  2011; 48(4): 319-323]

 Key Words: Behavioral problems, enuresis, parental education.


Correspondence to Maha K Abou-Khadra. 2, Yousef Fahmy street, El-Areech street, Al-Ahram street, Giza, Egypt, 12151.

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