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April2010 Vol.47 Issue:        2        Table of Contents
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Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha Gene −376 Polymorphism in Egyptian Patients with Multiple Sclerosis


Mona AF Nada1, Dalia A Labib2


Departments of Neurology1, Clinical Pathology2, Cairo University; Egypt



Background: Tumor necrosis factor α, a proinflammatory cytokine, was found to play an important role with the clinical activity of relapsing–remitting multiple sclerosis and the development of progression. Dysregulation in the expression of tumor necrosis factor gene had been suggested in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis. Objective: Our aim was to investigate the relation between tumor necrosis factor α −376 polymorphism with disease susceptibility and clinical course of multiple sclerosis in Egyptian patients. Methods: Polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism were carried out on 36 primary progressive multiple sclerosis patients, 36 age and sex-matched remitting relapsing multiple sclerosis patients (Diagnosed according to McDonald Diagnostic criteria) and 30 age and sex-matched healthy controls. Results: The GG genotype and the guanine allele (G) were detected significantly more often in the primary progressive multiple sclerosis group as compared with the healthy control group (p = 0.002; p = 0.004). Conclusion: The “G” allele in the examined position in tumor necrosis factor alpha might have a role as regards susceptibility in MS. The “G” allele may be one of the factors responsible for progression in primary progressive multiple sclerosis. (Egypt J Neurol Psychiat Neurosurg.  2010; 47(2): 311-316)


Key Words: Multiple sclerosis (MS); Primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS); Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) gene polymorphism.

Correspondence to Mona A.F. Nada. Department of Neurology, Cairo University, Egypt. Tel.: +20189288848. Email:

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